Types of Facilities Explained

types of facilities
types of facilities

Have you ever wondered about how many types of facilities there are and how facility management can help improve the operations of each of them? If so, this article is a must-read for you.

There is no doubt that you must have read a ton of articles about facility management, and you also know the benefits effective facility management brings to any built environment.

Hence, your conclusion most definitely, after reading, would have been that every facility needs good facility management services to operate maximally.

This is true, but the crux of the matter is this: do we apply facility management the same way in different types of facilities? The answer is no.

This is because facilities differ. Each building presents its own set of challenges that require different FM solutions to resolve.

For this reason, the best way to go about resolving the challenges would be to take into consideration the peculiarities of each facility.

So if we can’t apply facility management in the same way in different types of facilities, it then means that we have to understand the types of facilities so that we’ll be guided in rightly applying only the facility management methods and practices that are well-suited to them so we can ensure effective operation in them.

Let’s learn about the different types of facilities, what makes them unique, and what the focus should be for facility management.

Types of facilities

  • Commercial facilities

Commercial facilities are business facilities. In other words, they are the buildings that house businesses, indeed any type of business, excluding manufacturing businesses. Commercial facilities serve as a physical location where businesses are located.

They may be buildings used for either a retail store, a restaurant, an office, or a combination of them all. Regardless of what purpose it is used for, facility management services are necessary to keep corporate facilities operational.

  • Offices

Offices are a type of commercial facility used as a place for professional or bureaucratic work. An office may be a room, a set of rooms, or a building, depending on the size and preference of the business occupying it. 

Are you leasing a building for your business, or do you own the building you use for business? That is a commercial facility

  • Hotels

Hotels are establishments that provide hospitality. They are considered a commercial facility because they provide hospitality services such as accommodation, meals, and other services to turn a profit. This is what makes them different from residential properties.

  • Restaurants

A restaurant is another example of a business establishment found in a commercial facility. It is a place where people come to sit and eat meals. Restaurants may occupy either a part of the building or the whole building, designing it to meet their brand standards. 

  • Retails

Retails are stores or shops. They are housed in commercial facilities because, obviously, they are businesses. Grocery stores, drug stores, department stores, and convenience stores are all examples of retail stores. There are also service-related businesses that use retail spaces; an example is a beauty salon.

All commercial buildings require commercial real estate facility management services to create a conducive environment for business. The focus of facility management in these commercial units is to keep the facility in good condition and simplify the existing business processes to promote productivity and improve workers’ morale. 

  1. Institutional facilities

Institutional facilities are buildings that are used by an organization, an establishment, a foundation, or a society to promote a particular cause or program, especially one of public interest. They are usually custom-built to suit a specific need. This is what makes these types of facilities unique. 

Institutional facilities need cutting-edge facility management solutions to be able to effectively manage their processes, activities, and daily operations. Facility managers can also help adhere to industry standards, which is critical for a well-functioning system and an outstanding visitor experience.

Examples of institutional facilities are hospitals and laboratories, military and government facilities, and educational facilities.

  • Hospitals

Hospitals are institutional facilities built and equipped for the diagnosis of disease and the treatment and care of the sick. Some hospitals offer only medical treatment, while some others incorporate surgical treatment with medical treatment. This further emphasises the point that hospitals, as institutional facilities, are custom-built to accommodate the various kinds of medical services they offer.

  • Laboratories

Laboratories are rooms or buildings equipped for scientific experiments, research, teaching, or the manufacture of drugs or chemicals. Though a sensitive space, facility management impacts the functions and performance of a laboratory.

  • Military and government facilities

Military and government facilities are institutional facilities owned by the government and used for public purposes. These types of facilities include general-use office buildings and special-use military installations; research facilities; hospitals; rehabilitation centres or correctional centres for adults and youths; embassies; courthouses; national laboratories; and structures that may house critical equipment and systems, networks, and functions.

  1. Educational facilities

Educational facilities are institutional facilities built and designed for teaching and learning. A school is a common example of an educational facility. And like other types of facilities, it requires maintenance.

The focus of facility management in institutional facilities is safety, security, and protocol. Facility management would help support and facilitate the smooth operation and also meet and comply with stringent standard expectations.

  1. Residential Facilities

Residential facilities are buildings where people live and consider them homes. They include multi-family facilities such as apartments, townhouses, condominiums, or single-family homes. 

The focus of facility management in residential facilities is to ensure that residences are habitable and comfortable for the occupants. This also extends to making either renovations or remodelling, bringing about little changes that would improve your property value.

  1. Industrial facilities

Industrial facilities are buildings equipped for manufacturing and storage. These types of facilities may include production facilities, workshops, and warehouses. These buildings typically house hazardous chemicals and heavy machinery.

The focus of facility management in industrial facilities is to ensure optimum performance in production by maintaining the equipment.

The Basic Functions of Facility Management Across All Types of Facilities

  1. Building and property maintenance

Irrespective of what type of facility it is, one of the basic functions facility management performs is building and property maintenance. Through regular survey and inspection of the property and refurbishment when necessary, the facility is kept in good condition, and operational and is made a welcome abode for workers and visitors alike.

  1. Space management

Facility management provides real-time space management and space optimization for the different types of facilities. With the help of facility managers, you can effectively utilise available spaces in your facility to increase productivity and efficiency.

  1. Environmental and Sustainability Improvements

Environmental and sustainability improvements are one aspect of facility management takes care of. Facility managers can help you plan for any risk that could endanger occupants.

  1. Capital Planning

You may need to erect a new building to expand and meet the needs of your clients. This is where facility management may help because it involves a huge procurement process. All facility managers need to do is to work to your specifications.

  1. Observance of Health and Safety Regulations

Regardless of what type of facility you have, health and safety should be a priority. Facility managers can help you comply with health and safety regulations. They are trained professionals that can help you ensure that you have a healthy environment and a secure facility.

  1. Management of Contractors and Subcontractors

Facility managers are the liaison officers that relieve you of the hassle of dealing with various contractors and vendors for their services. They not only source these contractors and vendors for you, but they also manage them and see the process through to the end. 


Now that you understand that facility management is not applied in the same way in all facilities, you’ll need a facility management plan that would capture the processes and procedures required to meet your facility’s needs and provide long-term benefits.

James Cubitt Facility Managers provides the best facility management services for all types of facilities. We can offer you bespoke facility management solutions either on a short-term or long-term basis. Our trained personnel are skilled experts that can help you create the conducive environment you desire and ensure a smooth operation in your facility.

Do you need a facility manager to keep your facility attractive, secure, and safe? Talk to us.

Phone number: +234 904 000 6627, +234 904 000 6628

Email: info@jamescubittfm.com

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